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factors affecting solubility of liquid in liquid

2024-04-23 04:15:07
a) Temperature1) Closed: shows both an upper and lower CST. For example, Nicotine and water.2) upper: upper consolute temperature, above which the 2 liquids are soluble. For example phenol and water.3)Lower: lower consolute temperature, below which the two members are soluble. For example, triethanol amine and water.4)No critical solution temperature: For example, ethyl ether and water.b) Foreign substances (ternary system)If the added material is soluble in only 1 of the 2 components or if the solubility in the 2 liquids are markedly different.When the third substance is soluble in both of the liquids to roughly the same extent.

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